Roasting coffee transforms the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products. The roasting process is what produces the characteristic flavor of coffee by causing the green coffee beans to change in taste. We will show the different types of roast for the coffee beans, there color and flavor. Also the level of the roast will depend on your preference and origin of the beans. There are eight types of coffee roast, they are;
- Cinnamon Roast
After a few minutes, the beans will reach this level. Just before the crack, at this point beans have a sharp acidic tone and straw like character.
Color - Light Brown
Roasting Temperature - 385 °F (196 °C)
- New England Roast
Around the first crack, some specialty roasters would stop at this
point to highlight bright acidic flavors in the beans.
Color - Slightly darker but still moderately light
Roasting Temperature - 401 °F (205 °C)
- American Roast
The beans get darker, and this is a sing that the coffee will have more body and less brightness. The point, just after the first crack, is still considered a light medium roast.
Color - Medium Brown
Roasting Temperature - 410 °F (210 °C)
- City Roast
This is around the sweet spot for many specialty roasters, just before the second crack.
Color - Medium Brown
Roasting Temperature - 426 °F (219 °C)
- Full city Roast
At the beginning of the second crack, the beans are full bodied and starting to lose their original character.
Color - Darker Brown
Roasting Temperature - 437 °F (225 °C)
- Vienna Roast
The bean start to become coated in oil and turn darker. At this point they will make coffee with bitter-sweet spicy notes and very little, if any brightness.
Color - Dark Brown
Roasting Temperature - 446 °F (230 °C)
- French Roast
At the tail end of the second crack, the French Roast is a common level for espresso roasting. Most original flavor has now been lost as charred burnt notes take over.
Color - Very Dark Brown
Roasting Temperature - 464 °F (240 °C)
- Italian Roast
Bean become very dark and shiny. At this point the burnt tones completely take over the coffee.
Color - Black
Roasting Temperature - 473 °F (245 °C)
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